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江西教师招聘考试英语备考资料——小学英语备考资料一

来源:www.jxjsjy.cn 时间:2018-05-07 作者:优联教育 阅读量:4
一:学生易错词汇
  1. a, an的选择: 元音字母开头的单词用an,辅音字母开头的单词用a.
  2. am , is , are的选择: 单数用is , 复数用are. I 用am , you 用are.
  3. have , has 的选择: 表示某人有某物.单数用has , 复数用have. I ,you 用have .
  4. there is, there are 的选择:表示某地有某物,某人.单数用there is , 复数用there are.
  5. some, any 的选择:肯定句用some, 疑问句和否定句用any.
  6. 疑问词的选择:what (什么) who (谁) where (哪里) whose (谁的) why(为什么)when(什么时候)which(哪一个)how old (多大) how many (多少)how much(多少钱)
  二:形容词比较级详解
  当我们需要对事物作出比较时,需要用到比较级.比较级的句子结构通常是:
  什么+ 动词be (am , is , are ) + 形容词比较级+ than(比)+ 什么,如:
  I'm taller and heavier than you. (我比你更高和更重.)
  An elephant is bigger than a tiger. (一只大象比一只老虎更大.)
  形容词的比较级是在形容词的基础上变化而来的,它的变化规则是:
  ①一般的直接在词尾加er ,如tall - taller , strong - stronger ,
  ②以e结尾的,直接加r ,如fine – finer ,
  ③以辅音字母加y结尾的,先改y为i再加er,如funny - funnier
  ④双写最后的字母再加er,如big – bigger, thin – thinner ,hot – hotter
  ☆注意☆比较的两者应该是互相对应的可比较的东西.
  典型错误:My hair is longer than you.(我的头发比你更长.)
  比较的两者是我的头发,你(整个人),那么比较的对象就没有可比性.
  应该改为:My hair is longer than yours. 或My hair is longer than your hair.
  比较级专项练习: 一,从方框中选出合适的单词完成句子heavy tall long big
  (1) How is the Yellow River
  (2) How is Mr Green He's 4375px.
  (3) How are your feet I wear size 18.
  (4)How is the fish It's 2kg.
  三:动词过去式详解
  动词的过去式的构成规则有:
  A,规则动词
  ①一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如worked , learned , cleaned , visited
  ②以e结尾的动词直接加d:如lived , danced , used
  ③以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如study – studied carry – carried worry – worried (注意play,stay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)
  ④双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如stopped
  B,不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat – ate , see – saw , have – had , do – did , go - went , take - took , buy - bought , get - got , read - read ,fly - flew , am/is - was ,
  are - were , say - said , leave - left , swim - swam , tell - told , draw - drew , come - came , lose - lost , find - found , drink - drank , hurt - hurt , feel - felt
  四:动词现在分词详解 动词的ing形式的构成规则:
  ①一般的直接在后面加上ing , 如doing , going , working , singing , eating
  ②以e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing
  ③双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting
  五:人称代词
  一、人称代词
人称 单数 复数
主格 宾格 主格 宾格
第一人称 I me we us
第二人称 you you you you
第三人称 he him they them
she her      
it it      
  六:句型专项归类
  1.肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I'm a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital.
  There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.
  2,否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I'm not a student. She is not (isn't) a doctor.
  He does not (doesn't) work in a hospital. There are not (aren't) four fans in our classroom.
  He will not (won't) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn't) watch TV yesterday evening.
  ☆注意☆小结:否定句主要是在肯定句的基础上加上了否定词"not".有动词be的句子则"not"加在be后面,可缩写成"isn't,aren't",但am not 一般都分开写.没有动词be的句子则要先在主要动词的前面加上一个助动词(do,does,did),然后在它后面加上"not",你也可以把它们缩写在一起如"don't , doesn't , didn't ).这三个助动词要根据人称和时态来选择,其中"does"只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而"did"只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用"did" .
  3,一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用"yes",或"no"来回答.
  如:Are you a student Yes, I am / No, I'm not.
  Is she a doctor Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.
  Does he work in a hospital Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.
  Are there four fans in our classroom Yes, there are. / No, there aren't.
  Are you going to buy a comic book tonight Yes, I am. / No, I am not. (Yes, we are. / No, we aren't.)
  Will he eat lunch at 12:00 Yes, I will. / No, I will not(won't).
  Are they swimming Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
  Did you watch TV yesterday evening Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.
  ☆注意☆小结:一般疑问句是在肯定句的基础上,
  ①把动词be调到首位,其他照写,末尾标点符号变成问号即可.
  ②没有动词be的句子则要在句首加上一个助动词(do,does,did)再把紧跟在后面的动词变回原形,末尾标点符号变成问号即可.
  这三个助动词也要根据人称和时态来选择,其中"does"只用于一般现在时主语是第三人称单数的情况,而"did"只用于一般过去时,不论主语是什么人称和数,都用"did" .一般疑问句有个重要的原则就是问和答要一致,即问句里的第一个单词(助动词)和简略答句里的这个词是一致的.
  4,特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子.此类句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用"yes ,no"来回答.如:
  What is this It's a computer.
  What does he do He's a doctor.
  Where are you going I'm going to Beijing.
  Who played football with you yesterday afternoon Mike.
  Which season do you like best Summer.
  When do you usually get up I usually get up at 6:30.
  Whose skirt is this It's Amy's.
  Why do you like spring best Because I can plant trees.
  How are you I'm fine. / I'm happy.
  How did you go to Xinjiang I went to Xinjiang by train.
  ☆其中how又可以和其他一些形容词连用组成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many(多少(数量)), how much(多少(钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重)
  例句:How many pencils do you have I have three pencils.
  How many girls can you see I can see four girls.
  How many desks are there in your classroom There are 51.
  ☆小结:how many 用来提问可数名词的数量,主要有以上三种搭配,
  How many + 名词复数+ do you have 你有多少……
  How many + 名词复数+ can you see 你能看见多少……
  How many + 名词复数+ are there… 有多少……
  七:完全,缩略形式:
  I'm=I am he's=he is she's=she is they're=they are you're=you are there's=there is they're=they are can't=can not don't=do not doesn't=does not isn't=is not aren't=are not let's=let us won't=will not I'll=I will wasn't=was not
  总结:通常情况下,'m即am,'s即is(但let's=let us), 're即are ,n't即not (但can't=can not)
 

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